Ordinary cherries (or Cerasus vulgaris — as botanists call it) have been bred since ancient times.
Antique authors consider her ancestor sweet sweet cherry, whose homeland was Asia Minor and the Caucasus.
Common cherry (or Cerasus vulgaris — so it is called botany) people are bred for a long time. Antique authors consider her ancestor sweet sweet cherry, whose homeland was Asia Minor and the Caucasus. In Europe, this tree appeared under very curious circumstances: according to the testimony of Pliny the Elder, in the I century BC. er after the brilliant victories won over King Mithridates, the Roman commander Lucull took out a whole cherry tree with fruits from the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus: during the triumphal entry into Rome, the soldiers carried this tree as a precious trophy before him; later Lucull crossed it with wild steppe cherry growing in Europe (Cerasus fruticosa) — and so ordinary cherry was born.
In the same century, the Roman scientist Varro described in detail in his work «On Agriculture» methods of grafting cherries.
Cherries are very useful.
It contains a lot of easily digestible sugars, folic acid, carotene, vitamin C, potassium, iron, copper, cobalt, and in the content of pectin substances (which contribute to the vital activity of beneficial intestinal bacteria and remove excess cholesterol from the body) it is inferior only to orange.
Cherry leaves and even small twigs also go into business. They are used as a surrogate of tea, put in pickles and marinades.
Cherry blossoms are a wonderful melliferous plant: they produce a lot of nectar and are rich in pollen.
Traditionally in Russia was famous Vladimir cherry (It is known that in the XIX century in the city of Vladimir there were 400 cherry orchards: "The outskirts of the city are like beautiful villages surrounded by gardens, and the whole zavedy side from the mountain seems more forest than the urban part."- wrote one journalist about Vladimir two centuries ago.
Another variety of cherry common in pre-revolutionary Russia is Vasilievskaya (or royal) cherry, so sweet, large and fragrant, that they ate it only fresh — and never allowed to jam.
In addition to the common cherry common in the world there are still many types of cherries. For example, everyone knows cherries (bird cherry, Cerasus avium).
Or cherry felt (or Chinese, Microcerasus tomentosa), the fruits of which are very similar to the berries of an ordinary cherry, are not a tree, but a small shrub growing in Japan, China and the Far East. In Europe, it is still cultivated and steppe cherry (Cerasus fruticosa, she is Prunus chamaecerasus) — its berries are much more acidic and tart than ordinary cherry berries.
And in the United States is growing everywhere sand cherry (Cerasus pumila), which easily interbreed with plum, cherry plum or apricot (hybrid varieties bred by breeders are also quite common).
There are and decorative varieties of cherry.
The most famous of them is Japanese. sakura (Prunus serrulata, she is Prunus jamasakura), since ancient times it has become a symbol of Japan and Japanese culture.
In 1992, the public organization «Society of Japanese Sakura» introduced Sakura Blossom Holiday, which is held annually on March 27th.
Cherries are well known in European culinary art. This berry is universal.
It is used to make a filling for pies, a sauce for meat and poultry dishes (especially duck), compotes, jelly, tinctures, and make delicious jam.
The most famous Ukrainian dish with cherries is dumplings.
The most popular German dishes with cherries are strudel and black forest cake.
In Germany, they make “Kirsch” from cherries, literally Kirschwasser means “cherry water”. This high-grade alcoholic beverage is made by distilling fermented wort based on black cherries with pits.
Popular Portuguese liqueur «Jinjinja» is also made from cherries.
In terms of ripening varieties of cherries can be divided into three groups: early — ripening in central Russia to the beginning of July, middle — ripening in the first two decades of July, and later — ripening at the end of July — early august.
If the cherry is red or pink — it is juicy, but sour and quickly deteriorates. The sweetest cherry is dark maroon.
Such berries are very useful because they contain a lot of antioxidants.
Ensure that the cherry is smooth, dense and dry.
It should be remembered that a few bad cherries can quickly spoil everything else.
To cherry kept for a long time, do not tear off cuttings from it and wash right before serving.
Fresh cherry is stored in the refrigerator for about two weeks. Capacity with cherry cover is not necessary.
Freeze cherry You can in your own refrigerator, and its useful properties, in general, will remain. It is believed that the less time elapses between picking berries and freezing them, the more vitamins are stored in them. You can freeze cherries with bones or without them.
In berries with stones, more juice is stored.
Before freezing the cherries, you need to carefully sort out and remove the stem. Choose only ripe berries without damage. Rinse the cherry in cool water and dry.
Then put it in packets and in the freezer. You can first freeze the berries, spreading them evenly on a tray, and then putting them in portions — so each berry will retain its shape and a bag of cherries will not turn into a shapeless lump. For freezing berries convenient to use plastic containers.
Like most foods, frozen cherries tend to absorb odors, so keep it in tightly packed containers.
Cake with cherries, many-sided and varied, always tasty and attractive. First of all,.
Cherry dumplings are a traditional Ukrainian dish. For dumplings it is better to use fresh.
Cherry is a universal berry. It is used to make a filling for pies, a sauce for meat and poultry dishes.
Cherries are sweeter than ordinary cherries, they have colorless juice (red in cherries). What .
Desserts with cherries, including cherry jam or jam, can be quite varied. For example .