At least once in a lifetime, almost half of the inhabitants of the earth experienced a vague feeling of discomfort and burning in the throat.
But some poor fellows suffer from heartburn daily!
What are the causes of heartburn?
It turns out a lot depends on our menu.
Before you — foods that have to be excluded from your diet, if you want to get rid of heartburn.
Heartburn is a symptom: it means that the mucous membrane of the esophagus is irritated by acid, which is thrown into the esophagus from the stomach.
Why this is happening is another matter. After all, normally nothing from the stomach into the esophagus should not come.
So, most likely, the lower esophageal sphincter is weakened — the ring muscle, which should lock the stomach on "Castle".
But weakness, sprain, hernia and other problems prevent this muscle from working properly.
The result is unpleasant, and sometimes even painful sensations behind the sternum, in the so-called epigastric region, as well as in the throat and lower jaw.
You can fight heartburn on your own, but it is better to consult a doctor: after all, this problem may be a symptom of some diseases.
But sometimes it arises and literally "on level ground": just ate something wrong.
They increase the concentration of acid in the stomach, as a result of gastric juice becomes too caustic.
Tomatoes. Not as sour as lemons or grapefruits, they can still cause heartburn due to their high content of organic acids that stimulate digestion.
Generally, if there is a tendency to heartburn, be careful with acidic fruits and berries.
Coffee and chocolate.
Caffeine, which is contained in these products, relaxes the muscles of the esophagus, thereby facilitating the reflux of gastric juice.
And that, unfortunately, too much — caffeine in addition provokes its excessive release.
And in general, any products that provoke flatulence and bloating.
The release of carbon dioxide in the digestion process is the mechanical cause of heartburn.
Meat broth. Especially fatty and rich — it makes the environment in the stomach more acidic.
Consequently, soups in such broth can cause unpleasant problems.
Milk. Many, on the contrary, advised to drink milk for heartburn, they say, it will help to neutralize the fever in the esophagus.
In fact, milk problem only intensifies and prolongs.
Yes, in the first few seconds everything is fine: they drank a glass of milk, its alkaline environment quickly neutralized the acid in the esophagus, the milk itself curdled in the stomach. and when it enters the mucous membrane, milk protein begins to produce hydrochloric acid in large quantities!
Fried and fat. Skewers, french fries, fatty steaks and other fast food, and all that falls into the category "heavy food".
This remains in the stomach for a long time, because it must be thoroughly digested, and requires more digestive juices and bile.
The result is predictable: heartburn.
Carbonated drinks (as well as beer and kvass) containing carbon dioxide. The mechanism of heartburn in this case is similar to that provoked legumes and cabbage.
Carbon dioxide is a gas that stretches the stomach, presses against its walls and stimulates gastric secretion.
Spicy sauces and spices. They irritate the mucous membrane of the esophagus and stomach, stimulating the formation of gastric juice.
So with the tendency to heartburn with pepper, you need to be more careful.
Sweet and flour. Fresh pastries and delicious cakes always cause fermentation and increased gas formation in the stomach.
It irritates the mucous membrane of the esophagus and increases its sensitivity to acid, it can also cause heartburn.
Alcohol also relaxes all the muscles of the body, including the very muscles that connect the esophagus with the stomach. The most dangerous in terms of heartburn are red wines.
Incorrect temperature of your favorite foods can also cause heartburn.
Scalding soups and drinks injure and irritate the esophagus, while cold ones inhibit gastric secretion and "hang out" in the stomach for a long time, also provoking heartburn.