British cuisine: savory cheeses and fine wines of Misty Albion
Signs of British cuisine are considered to be all sorts of puddings, skouns with cream for afternoon tea, fish and chips, as well as seafood and game from Scotland.
And few people remember that, in addition to all the above, in Britain they make truly excellent cheeses, but english champagne recognized as the best in international competitions.
The British have a special national love for cheese, in connection with which more than 700 varieties of this sour-milk delicacy are produced in Britain.
The brightest representatives of British cheese making are spicy and fat blue. Stilton, only six cheese producers in the world have the right to manufacture; Cornish Yarg (Yarg) spicy or classic Chedder from West Country.
And the most exquisite are soft Stinking Bishop, famous for its unusual smell; crumbly Cairphilly — Welsh miners’ favorite cheese; or Caboc — Scottish Highlanders’ Cheese Served with Oatmeal.
Blue Cheese Grades Stilton The British themselves consider the King of English cheeses, in honor of which they even got their own trademark and Protected Designation of Origin status, which means that this type of cheese can be produced only in the vicinity of Nottinghamshire, Derbershire and Leicestershire.
This type of cheese is a mandatory part of the Christmas table for the British, so instead of the usual mandarin smells, the festive evening of the British is filled with the exquisite aroma of Stilton cheese.
The second most popular variety of British cheese is, perhaps, Cheddar, which is produced all over the world today.
This is one of the oldest English cheeses, whose production dates back to the times of the Roman Empire — a record of cheddar was found in the cadastral book of William the Conqueror of 1086, and King Henry II once declared cheddar the best cheese in Britain!
The homeland of this variety is the county of Somerset, in the west of England, and cheese received its name from the name of the caves Cheddar Gorge, where it was once stored for ripening.
Another prominent representative of British cheese making is Cornish Yarg (Yarg), wrapped when ripe in nettle leaves.
The original recipe of this cheese was found in an old book in the attic of one of the farms in England and dates back to the 13th century. Cheese got its name by the name of the manufacturer, Mr. Gray, written in reverse order.
The Cornish Yarg differs from its British counterparts in its softer texture and spicy fruity flavor.
Other famous British cheeses are named for their areas of origin, such as Cheshire, Lancashire or Wensleydale, despite the fact that their production is widespread throughout the country and the name only indicates a certain type of cheese, not the place of its production.
Although, until now, the manufacture of some varieties is strictly tied to a particular region of Britain. These varieties of cheese receive the status of PDO (Protected Designation of Origin), which is carefully protected by law. So, for example, the West Country Farmhouse Cheddar variety can be produced only on farms in West England (Devon, Dorset, Somerset or Cornwall), and Stilton can be made only in Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire and Lestreshire.
Other types of cheese, the production of which is allowed only in certain territories, include: Beacon Fell Traditional Lancashire, Buxton Blue, Swaledale, Swaledale ewes’ cheese, Single Gloucester, Staffordshire Cheese.
According to the good old tradition, the classic drink accompanying the enjoyment of cheeses is wine.
And what is remarkable, you can choose a decent frame of the best samples for real British cheeses. British winemaking.
As you know, London has long been an important center of world trade, including the alcohol market, but few know that in recent decades, Britain has firmly established itself on the world market of wine producers, winning world-famous international brands of sparkling wines in tasting competitions.
And if we turn to history, we can recall that in fact champagne as a drink was invented by a resident of Britain — namely, Christopher Merrett, the manufacturer of cider from Gloucester, who lived in the distant 17th century.
Christopher not only invented a method of fermentation of wines, in which wine is filled with gas bubbles, but also invented a special type of glass that withstands the pressure of sparkling wines on the bottle during storage.
The first vineyards appeared in Britain during the reign of the Romans, but the modern wine industry in Britain is much younger and today has about 400 vineyards.
Modern winemaking began in the mid-50s of the 20th century, when 3 young ambitious Britons — Ray Barrington Brock (Ray Barrington Brock), Edward Hyams and George Ordish planted their first vineyard in Hambledon (Hampshire) .
After this, winemaking began to spread actively throughout the country.
The most successful «Wine» regions of Britain are Kent, Sussex and Surrey in the south of england as well Corvoll and Gloucestershire.
Today it produces all kinds of wines — white, red and rose, but the most successful are champagne wines, which regularly become the best at international tasting competitions.
So british wine “Nyetimber Classic Cuvée 2003 took first place in the Champion of Worldwide Sparkling Wines international champagne and won the gold medal at the Italian wine festival “BOLLICINE DEL MONDO”.
Wine Camel Valley’s Pinot Noir Brut 2007 among the 10 best wines of the world, ahead of two other representatives of British wines in the top ten best champagne — Champagnes Canard Duchêne and Louis Roederer Millésime 2000.
In 2010, the best wines of Britain were recognized Camel valley fortnum & Mason Rosé 2009, Row Ash Rosé NV, Plumpton College’s Sutherland’s Block 2009 Pinot Noir, Grosvenor Blanc de Blancs 2001.
By the way, choosing the wines of Britain you need to keep in mind that genuine British wines, oddly enough, are labeled «English wine», which means that the wine was produced in the UK from local raw materials.
While the label of “Britain wine” may indicate a simple table wine, produced on the basis of imported grapes.
And if, being in Britain, you want to personally see how the best wines are produced — this can be easily done at one of the vineyards open to the public. For example, the largest private vineyard in England Denbies Wine Estate, located in the city of Dorking (Surrey), in the fall holds Vintage days.
Visiting the estate these days, tourists will learn how to pick the grapes, take part in the harvest and enjoy a traditional village lunch.
In addition, everyone is given a unique chance to witness how they squeeze the juice from the grapes they have just harvested to make a young wine.
Vineyard area Denbies Wine Estate — more than a square kilometer.
The estate produces 12 varieties of wine, awarded many awards, and the annual sales of about 450 thousand bottles.
You can get to Denbies Wine Estate from London: regular trains to Dorking depart daily from Waterloo and Victoria stations.
Travel time is about 50 minutes.