Purple basil — benefits, contraindications, fit and care
Calories: 23 kcal.
The energy value of the product Basil Violet:
Protein: 3.14 g.
Fat: 0.65 g
Carbohydrates: 2.64 g.
Purple basil — spicy plant, a type of basil. The name of the plant was due to the purple color of the leaves. Basil is a member of the Sponge family. The plant belongs to the family of mint herbs. Violet basil is an annual plant that reaches 50 cm in height, with many leaves of a rich purple color (see photo).
The birthplace of the basil is considered to be South Asia. The pioneers of basil on the European continent are the Germans. In Germany, basil began to be cultivated since the 12th century. Back in the times of ancient civilizations, basil was widely used for the preparation of medicinal tinctures and decoctions. Purple basil is different from green in that it has a sharper smell. This type of basil is not particularly popular in the European culinary tradition, but Asian and Caucasian cuisine uses it very widely.
Grow purple basil in normal conditions is quite problematic. Basil is an annual plant. Spicy grass is planted in open ground only in sunny and warm areas, even in summer basil will die if it does not get enough heat. For sale and for home use, basil is grown indoors. The soil for planting basil should be fertile and permeable.
Basil should be planted after all frosts in the form of seedlings. When a plant is planted with seeds, it is necessary to constantly sow new seeds. The first sowing is recommended to be done in early May. Basil needs proper care, which consists of regular watering and fertilizing. If the plant is not fertilized in time, then its leaves will be tough, their taste qualities will noticeably deteriorate.
Basil is recommended to be planted in a seedling way. To do this, the prepared seeds of the plant are planted for the beginning in wooden boxes, and then already sprouted seeds are planted in the ground. Basil due to its rich color is cultivated as an ornamental plant.
Among the best and most sought-after varieties of purple basil are the following: «Thai», «Yerevan», «Opal», «Ararat», «Pepper flavor» and «Vanilla».
Violet basil variety
This variety of basil grows a tall bush, which weaves a little. Its flowers are painted in lilac color, and the leaves have a violet-green shade. The most important thing is that the leaves contain carotene and essential oils. Harvesting can be done two months after planting. Also, the Ararat variety is suitable for growing in flower pots. In cooking, such basil is added to various cheeses, vegetable salads, hot dishes (vegetable soup) or they simply sprinkle on top the finished hot product.
Basil varieties «Vanilla» — an annual herbaceous plant, in which the stem is branched and can reach forty centimeters in height. Its leaves are jagged at the edges and are painted in a rich purple hue, and the flowers are collected in spikelets. Since basil leaves are very tasty, they can be put even in fruit salads.
Rightfully occupies one of the leading places among the other varieties of basil, because it is used not only in cooking, but also in garden decor. This plant has purple leaves with a red tinge. During the flowering of this variety of basil, its pink flowers completely cover the bush and exude a wonderful aroma. In addition, «Yerevan» basil is good because its leaves can be cut up to three times during the entire harvest season. Therefore, from one square meter can collect up to three kilograms of basil leaves.
The basil bush is covered with purple leaves, and its flowers have a crimson color. However, with this sort of need to cut the flowers so that they do not interfere with the growth of the leaves. Since basil leaves have a peppery flavor with a slight clove odor, and they also taste good, they can be put in a variety of sauces, dressings, pickles, mixed with oils, vinegar, and added to salads. Over the entire period of yield, you can collect up to two kilograms of such leaves, and this is only from one planted square.
This type of basil is an annual, herbaceous plant with red leaves. They have a rich spicy smell and taste. Harvesting can be done twenty days after planting. The most common variety of basil «Pepper flavor» is added to various sauces, pickles instead of pepper.
This type of basil forms a compacted shrub with dark purple leaves, which are serrated along the edges, and their surface is smooth. The plant has a rich spicy aroma with a faint smell of cinnamon. Most often it is added to vegetable salads, marinades, pickles are cooked with it, and various meat and fish products are seasoned with it.
As you can see, there are a lot of varieties of purple basil, so you can try to plant all the varieties, and then choose the one that you like the most and the taste and flavor.
Below is a video about the beneficial properties of basil.
The beneficial properties of purple basil are not very different from its green variety. In Russia, the plant was known under the name of royal grass, so its medicinal properties were widely used by traditional healers. The plant effectively cleanses the body, can be used for inflammation of the bladder, gastric diseases.
Basil is rich in vitamins A, C, PP. This combination of vitamins helps to improve the elasticity of blood vessels, improves the appearance of the skin, strengthens the nails. Basil contains a large amount of essential oil, which gives the plant leaves a unique aroma, similar to the smell of allspice. Essential oil contains a huge amount of camphor. Basil oil has astringent, astringent properties. In connection with these properties infusion of basil treat flatulence.
Basil is attributed to the properties of radioprotector, he protects the human body from the damaging effects of radiation. Basil, like other medicinal herbs, has an antimicrobial effect, disinfects wounds, helps with diseases of internal organs. Basil favorably affects the state of the body in case of arthritis and rheumatism.
In India, it is believed that the use of basil helps strengthen memory, improves brain function. Hindus worship basil as the second sacred plant after lotus. Basil considered aphrodosiac, he helps to tune in to the romantic mood of a man and a woman. Basil perfectly relaxes, increases the potency. The plant is widely used as a natural remedy for headaches. Basil helps relieve migraines. In order to relax after a hard day, it is enough to take a warm bath with a few drops of basil oil, which must be mixed with honey or cream immediately before the procedure.
Basil leaves contain carotene, rutin, vitamins C, PP, B2. Basil juice is rich in phytoncides. Basil is used as an effective tonic, squeezing the juice out of fresh basil for this purpose. Basil oil is used for bloating, it is used as a natural antispasmodic. The plant oil can also be used for inhalations for colds and viral diseases, it has a bactericidal property, and contributes to the speedy recovery. Especially effective oil is different in the fight against fungal infections. Basil decoction is used inside, a bunch of basil is boiled for 20 minutes, then cooled and taken several times a day.
Basil juice is used to treat fungus, and decoctions for the treatment of intestinal colic, poisoning, gastritis. The juice of basil is obtained from fresh leaves or flowers of the plant, you need to collect them before flowering. Juice irritates the gastric mucosa, so you need to drink it after meals, after diluting it with water. Basil is effective in diseases associated with digestion. Avicena recommended to use basil for the treatment and prevention of many diseases.
In cooking, purple basil can easily replace green in many recipes. The aroma of purple basil is no less fragrant than that of green. Caucasian culinary tradition does not represent cooking meat dishes without adding basil. Purple basil in many regions is known by the names of Regan or Raykhon. Azerbaijani cuisine adds basil to dessert drinks. In Uzbekistan, it is added to tea drinks. Basil stains the liquid purple and when a lemon slice is added to the tea, the drink turns bright pink.
Basil in dried form is used as a spice. As a seasoning, purple basil is used to prepare vegetable dishes with eggplants, tomatoes, sweet peppers. Cooks recommend combining basil with other herbs, such as mint, parsley, marjoram. Not a good combination of basil with coriander is considered, since the dish will get an unpleasant taste. Spicy plants can be added to homemade sausages, canned food, meat dishes.
Fresh basil leaves are perfectly combined with all vegetables, suitable for making salads. Especially good basil in harmony with tomatoes, it will not replace when cooking tomato sauce. Green basil is one of the components of the pesto sauce. In Mediterranean cuisine, this herb is used for cooking seafood. Also, young basil leaves are added to the pizza. Lamb, beef and other meats are also perfectly combined with this spicy grass.
Basil can be used both in dried and in fresh form. The caloric value of the product is 23 calories per 100 grams. The relatively low calorie content of the herb, as well as its beneficial properties, allow us to recommend this plant for the prevention of many diseases. Basil has a beneficial effect on the digestive tract, contains a sufficient amount of fiber, which is essential for people who are on a diet.
The use of basil allows you to use it for medicinal purposes in the form of infusions, decoctions and tinctures. Basil is used to increase appetite. Infusion is prepared as follows: 1 tbsp. dried herbs pour boiling water, insist under the lid for 10 minutes. Then the mixture should be drained and taken several times a day, before eating.
Basil is taken as a decoction for the treatment of inflammatory processes. For this 4 tbsp. l pour boiling water and leave to infuse for half an hour. Infusion should be taken with diseases of the throat three times a day before meals. With increased excitability should often brew purple tea from basil. For one serving, 4 tablespoons of crushed basil leaves and flowers per cup of boiling water will be enough.
When otitis make a compress of basil leaves. A small amount of plants is poured boiling water, then brought to a boil. When the broth is ready to boil, it is removed from the heat and allowed to stand for about 30 minutes, a compress is made on both ears for 1-2 hours.
Basil may cause harm to the body during pregnancy. In moderate doses, purple basil is very useful, but in the form of decoctions it is undesirable to use it with high blood pressure, diabetes, pregnancy. The course of treatment with basil should not exceed three weeks. Any treatment should be carried out under the supervision of the attending physician, because this spicy herb has some contraindications to use.